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#Bihar Flood 2020 appeal

Bihar Flood

While the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted the world in a manner never seen or experienced before, in India its impact has been further more devastating. What started as a health crisis has had a cascading impact across various segments and sectors, and has negatively impacted millions of lives, especially the ones from the poor and vulnerable communities.

The onset of monsoon had made the path to recovery even more challenging especially in the states of Assam and Bihar, which are now reeling under floods. Annual flooding in Bihar accounts for about 30-40% of the flood damages in India; 22.1% of the total flood affected population in India is reported to be located within the state of Bihar. As on 13th August, flood waters have spread across 16 districts in Bihar. As per the state disaster management department bulletin a total of 7.7 million people have been hit by flood across 16 of 38 districts in Bihar, with Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur and West Champaran being the worst-affected. Overall, 547,804 people have been evacuated during the floods and over 12,500 people were staying in relief camps. The flood has claimed over 25 lives.

Extent Of Damage

  • Total number of people hit by the floods, till date, was 77.77 lakh,
  • Total number of Districts affected – 16
  • Total number of blocks affected across the 16 districts - 128, while 1,282 panchayats have been hit by the deluge.
  • Teams of NDRF and SDRF have evacuated more than five lakh people from marooned areas and about 12,500 evacuees are taking shelter at seven relief camps.
  • In addition, more than eight lakh people are being fed at over 1,000 community kitchens
  • Total COVID cases in Bihar – 1,17,500+ | Death – 498 | Active COVID cases – 27,479*

Public infrastructure like roads and water supply systems are damaged or washed out. Houses are submerged with significant damage along with loss of property. People have been displaced and are without shelter, food and basic essentials.

The overlap of the floods with the Covid situation makes the situation dynamic and pushes the communities into further vulnerability. Floods in areas with positive covid-19 cases will exponentially increase the vulnerability of infection. Flooding will hence, lead to increase in community transmission of Covid and hence the crises will cascade further into a large-scale emergency.

The government, NGO’s and committed individuals have come forward and are doing their best in responding to this disaster but with such a massive scale, the need is huge and timely response the need of the hour!

Emerging needs

Following a quick on-ground assessment, Phia has identified several villages in West Champaran district where we have ongoing projects that will be in need of assistance. Disaster relief and recovery intervention support is required towards restoration and installation of water sources (tube wells etc.), provision of drinking water (filtration systems), hygiene kits, shelter kits (tarpaulin, GI sheets). Based on the information coming in from the field, we believe the most pertinent intervention required in this district is the flexibility and availability of cash and provision of Shelter/WASH kits. We are in the process of implementing a UCT (unconditional cash transfer) for 600 identified most vulnerable and marginalized families belonging to the Dalit/Musahar /manual scavenging community.

The situation demands urgent and immediate action. To support and donate to our Humanitarian Efforts on ground, visit